Sir Ganga Ram Hospital
New Delhi
Call Us: +91-11-25750000


What is ascites?

When fluid builds up inside the abdomen, it is known as ascites. Fluid fills the space between the lining of the abdomen and the organs. If you experience ascites symptoms, talk to your doctor as soon as possible.

What are the causes of ascites?

There are three important causes of ascites:

Other uncommon conditions that may increase your risk of ascites include:

How does ascites occur in liver disease?

Liver damage leading to cirrhosis is the single biggest risk factor for ascites. Some causes of liver damage include: hepatitis B or C, a history of alcohol use, uncontrolled diabetes and obesity. Liver scarring or cirrhosis causes ascites. Ascites usually occurs when the liver stops working properly. People with cirrhotic ascites have a two-year survival rate of approximately 50 percent. This increases pressure inside the liver’s blood vessels. The increased pressure can force fluid into the abdominal cavity, causing ascites.

What are the symptoms of ascites?

Symptoms of ascites can appear either slowly or suddenly, depending on the cause of the fluid buildup. Symptoms don’t always signal an emergency, but you should talk to your doctor if you experience the following:

How is ascites diagnosed?

Diagnosing ascites takes multiple steps. Your doctor will first check for swelling in your abdomen. Then they’ll probably use imaging or another testing method to look for fluid, including:

What is the treatment for ascites?

Treatment for ascites depends on what’s causing your condition.

How can ascites be prevented?

Ascites can’t be prevented. However, you can lower your risk by protecting your liver with these healthy habits: